Why Choose Hemp?
It is one of the most durable natural fibres on the planet, with a tensile strength that is among the highest available.
- Hemp softens with usage while still maintaining its toughness.
- Because of the porosity structure of the fibres, hemp cloth can be dyed successfully and retains its colour for an extended period of time.
- It is possible for hemp clothes to “breathe” because of the porous nature of the fibre. As a result, hemp fabric remains cooler when it is hot and warm when it is cold, as body heat heats air trapped in the fibre.
- Hemp has a high level of mould resistance and is also fire retardant.
Hemp Fabric History
Cannabis sativa has been in use by humans for thousands of years, according to historical records. Burial sites reaching back to 8000 BC have been discovered with hemp stuff in them.
During Henry XIII’s reign, the production of hemp in England was declared a legal obligation by the government. He depended on the strength of hemp cordage to outfit his enormous fleet, much as sailors had relied on hemp canvas, sailcloth, and rope for generations to outfit their ships. A period of time before to 1820, it is likely that hemp was used to make eighty percent of all textiles and garment materials (including tents and bed sheets), as well as carpets, curtains, towels, and flags.
The strength and durability of this flexible fibre have long made it a sought-after material. Although Levi Strauss employed lightweight hemp canvas to create the first pair of jeans, the coarseness of the fibre made it unsuitable for clothing production until recently. Due to recent advancements in textile processing technology, it is now feasible to soften the fibre by eliminating the lignin component without sacrificing its structural integrity. Hemp may now take use of the fact that it is very adaptable while still maintaining nature’s strongest textile fibre.
Hemp in the 21st Century
As environmental issues continue to grow in importance, more and more people are becoming aware of the benefits of industrial hemp. Hemp is a non-toxic, biodegradable substance that can be recycled. Despite the fact that cotton cultivation accounts for a significant percentage of global chemical output, hemp will grow abundantly in most places without the usage of herbicides or pesticides.
Hemp & Cotton
Cotton is now used in the production of the vast majority of clothing and design textiles. In part, the widespread use of chemical fertilisers, herbicides, and pesticides in agriculture has enabled cotton prices to fall below those of hemp, as seen in the chart below. These’miracle’ chemicals have enhanced crop productivity while simultaneously lowering the number of hours required to maintain the crops pest-free by a large margin (i.e. reducing labour costs).
However, since pests are becoming increasingly resistant to these poisons, higher volumes of these compounds are necessary. This excessive usage has led in the contamination of water and soil, as well as the creation of dangerous working conditions in the field.
In contrast to other fibre crops, hemp grows well without the use of herbicides and pesticides, making it more ecologically sustainable than other crops. This kind of planting is so densely packed that it essentially covers the ground, blocking out all light and preventing any possible weed interference, resulting in the elimination of the need for chemical pesticides. Pests do not pose a significant threat to the hemp plant, which eliminates the need for pesticides. It is possible to cut tractor fuel use by eliminating the requirement to spray.
The return of a significant portion of the nutrients that hemp requires for development occurs when the leaves fall, resulting in a reduction in the requirement for fertiliser. Moreover, it is highly suited for use in organic crop rotations where soil fertility must be maintained.
Hemp is unquestionably the sustainable fibre crop of the future.
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